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Automatic Derivation of Loop Bounds and Infeasible Paths for WCET Analysis using Abstract Execution


Research group:

Publication Type:

Conference/Workshop Paper


Real-Time in Sweden (RTiS) 2007


Static Worst-Case Execution Time (WCET) analysis is a technique to derive upper bounds for the execution times of programs. Such bounds are crucial when designing and verifying real-time systems. A key component for statically deriving safe and tight WCET bounds is information on the possible program flow through the program. Such flow information can be provided manually by user annotations, or automatically by a flow analysis. To make WCET analysis as simple and safe as possible, it should preferably be automatically derived, with no or very limited user interaction.In this paper we present a method for deriving such flow information called abstract execution. This method can automatically calculate loop bounds, bounds for including nested loops, as well as many types of infeasible paths. Our evaluations show that it can calculate WCET estimates automatically, without any user annotations, for a range of benchmark programs, and that our techniques for nested loops and infeasible paths sometimes can give substantially better WCET estimates than using loop bounds analysis only.


author = {Jan Gustafsson and Andreas Ermedahl and Christer Sandberg and Bj{\"o}rn Lisper},
title = {Automatic Derivation of Loop Bounds and Infeasible Paths for WCET Analysis using Abstract Execution},
month = {August},
year = {2007},
booktitle = {Real-Time in Sweden (RTiS) 2007},
url = {}