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Schedule Reparability: Increasing Time-Triggered Network Recovery from Link Failures


Publication Type:

Conference/Workshop Paper


24th IEEE International Conference on Embedded and Real-Time Computing Systems and Applications


The time-triggered communication paradigm has been shown to satisfy temporal isolation while providing end to end delay guarantees through the synthesis of an offline schedule. However, this paradigm has severe flexibility limitations as any unpredicted change not anticipated by the schedule, such as a component failure, might result in a loss of frames. A typical solution is to use redundancy or replace and update the schedule offline anew. With the ever increase in size of networks and the need to reduce costs, supplementary solutions that enhance the reliability of such networks are also desired. In this paper, we introduce a repair algorithm capable of reacting to unpredicted link failures. The algorithm quickly modifies the schedule such that all frames are transmitted again within their timing guarantees. We found that the success of our algorithm increases significantly with the existence of empty slots spread over the schedule, an opposite approach compared to packing frames, commonly used in the literature. We propose a new ILP formulation that includes a maximization of frame and link intermissions to stretch empty slots over the schedule. Our results show that we can repair with 90% success rate within milliseconds to a valid schedule compared to a few minutes needed to re-schedule the whole network.


author = {Francisco Pozo and Guillermo Rodriguez-Navas and Hans Hansson},
title = {Schedule Reparability: Increasing Time-Triggered Network Recovery from Link Failures},
month = {September},
year = {2018},
booktitle = {24th IEEE International Conference on Embedded and Real-Time Computing Systems and Applications},
url = {}