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Multi-view approaches for software and system modelling: a systematic literature review

Publication Type:

Journal article


Springer Journal on Software and Systems Modeling


Over the years, a number of approaches have been proposed on the description of systems and software in terms of multiple views represented by models. This modelling branch, so called multi-view software and system modelling, praises a differentiated and complex scientific body of knowledge. With this study, we aimed at identifying, classifying, and evaluating existing solutions for multi-view modelling of software and systems. To this end, we conducted a systematic literature review of the existing state of the art related to the topic. More specifically, we selected and analysed 40 research studies among over 8,600 entries. We defined a taxonomy for characterising solutions for multi-view modelling, and applied it to the selected studies. Lastly, we analysed and discussed the data extracted from the studies. From the analysed data we made several observations, among which: (i) there is no uniformity nor agreement in the terminology when it comes to multi-view artefact types, (ii) multi-view approaches have not been evaluated in industrial settings, (iii) there is a lack of support for semantic consistency management and the community does not appear to consider this as a priority. The study results provide an exhaustive overview of the state of the art for multi-view software and systems modelling useful for both researchers and practitioners.


author = {Antonio Cicchetti and Federico Ciccozzi and Alfonso Pierantonio},
title = {Multi-view approaches for software and system modelling: a systematic literature review},
volume = {-},
number = {-},
month = {December},
year = {2018},
journal = {Springer Journal on Software and Systems Modeling},
url = {}