You are required to read and agree to the below before accessing a full-text version of an article in the IDE article repository.

The full-text document you are about to access is subject to national and international copyright laws. In most cases (but not necessarily all) the consequence is that personal use is allowed given that the copyright owner is duly acknowledged and respected. All other use (typically) require an explicit permission (often in writing) by the copyright owner.

For the reports in this repository we specifically note that

  • the use of articles under IEEE copyright is governed by the IEEE copyright policy (available at
  • the use of articles under ACM copyright is governed by the ACM copyright policy (available at
  • technical reports and other articles issued by M‰lardalen University is free for personal use. For other use, the explicit consent of the authors is required
  • in other cases, please contact the copyright owner for detailed information

By accepting I agree to acknowledge and respect the rights of the copyright owner of the document I am about to access.

If you are in doubt, feel free to contact

Security-based Safety Hazard Analysis using FMEA: A DAM Case Study



Irum Inayat , Muhammad Farooq , Zubaria Inayat , Muhammad Abbas

Publication Type:

Conference/Workshop Paper


The 5th International Workshop on Cyber-Security and Functional Safety in Cyber-Physical Systems




Safety and security emerge to be the most significant features of a Cyber-Physical System (CPS). The safety and security of a system are interlaced concepts and have a mutual impact on each other. In the last decade, there are many cases where security breaches resulted in safety hazards. There are a handful of studies in the literature that addresses the integrated safety security risk assessment. Since the need of the time is to consider both safety and security concurrently not even consequently. To close this gap, we aim to: (i) perform hazard analysis using Failure Mode Effect Analysis (FMEA) of a cyber-physical system case i.e., Dam case study, and (ii) perform risk identification, risk analysis, and mitigation for the said case. As a result, we extracted the potential failure modes, failure causes, failure effects, and the risk priority number. In addition, we also identified the safety requirements for the modes of the subject case that can mitigate the potential risks.


author = {Irum Inayat and Muhammad Farooq and Zubaria Inayat and Muhammad Abbas},
title = {Security-based Safety Hazard Analysis using FMEA: A DAM Case Study},
month = {September},
year = {2021},
booktitle = {The 5th International Workshop on Cyber-Security and Functional Safety in Cyber-Physical Systems},
url = {}