You are required to read and agree to the below before accessing a full-text version of an article in the IDE article repository.

The full-text document you are about to access is subject to national and international copyright laws. In most cases (but not necessarily all) the consequence is that personal use is allowed given that the copyright owner is duly acknowledged and respected. All other use (typically) require an explicit permission (often in writing) by the copyright owner.

For the reports in this repository we specifically note that

  • the use of articles under IEEE copyright is governed by the IEEE copyright policy (available at
  • the use of articles under ACM copyright is governed by the ACM copyright policy (available at
  • technical reports and other articles issued by M‰lardalen University is free for personal use. For other use, the explicit consent of the authors is required
  • in other cases, please contact the copyright owner for detailed information

By accepting I agree to acknowledge and respect the rights of the copyright owner of the document I am about to access.

If you are in doubt, feel free to contact

Efficient Scheduling for Deadline Constrained Grid Workflows


Alireza Dehlaghi Ghadim, Reza Entezari-Maleki , Ali Movaghar

Publication Type:

Journal article


Computing and Informatics


Cost optimization for workflow scheduling while meeting deadline is one of the fundamental problems in utility computing. In this paper, a two-phase cost-efficient scheduling algorithm called critical chain is presented. The proposed algorithm uses the concept of slack time in both phases. The first phase is deadline distribution over all tasks existing in the workflow which is done considering critical path properties of workflow graphs. Critical chain uses slack time to iteratively select most critical sequence of tasks and then assigns sub-deadlines to those tasks. In the second phase named mapping step, it tries to allocate a server to each task considering task’s sub-deadline. In the mapping step, slack time priority in selecting ready task is used to reduce deadline violation. Furthermore, the algorithm tries to locally optimize the computation and communication costs of sequential tasks exploiting dynamic programming. After proposing the scheduling algorithm, three measures for the superiority of a scheduling algorithm are introduced, and the proposed algorithm is compared with other existing algorithms considering the measures. Results obtained from simulating various systems show that the proposed algorithm outperforms four well-known existing workflow scheduling algorithms.


@article{Dehlaghi Ghadim6666,
author = {Alireza Dehlaghi Ghadim and Reza Entezari-Maleki and Ali Movaghar},
title = {Efficient Scheduling for Deadline Constrained Grid Workflows},
volume = {37},
number = {4},
pages = {838--864},
month = {January},
year = {2018},
journal = {Computing and Informatics},
url = {}