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Factors Limiting Industrial Adoption of Test Driven Development: A Systematic Review


Publication Type:

Conference/Workshop Paper


International Conference on Software Testing, Verification and Validation


Test driven development (TDD) is one of the basic practices of agile software development and both academia and practitioners claim that TDD, to a certain extent, improves the quality of the code produced by developers. However, recent results suggest that this practice is not followed to the extent preferred by industry. In order to pinpoint specific obstacles limiting its industrial adoption we have conducted a systematic literature review on empirical studies explicitly focusing on TDD as well as indirectly addressing TDD. Our review has identified seven limiting factors viz., increased development time, insufficient TDD experience/knowledge, lack of upfront design, domain and tool specific issues, lack of developer skill in writing test cases, insufficient adherence to TDD protocol, and legacy code. The results of this study is of special importance to the testing community, since it outlines the direction for further detailed scientific investigations as well as highlights the requirement of guidelines to overcome these limiting factors for successful industrial adoption of TDD.


author = {Adnan Causevic and Daniel Sundmark and Sasikumar Punnekkat},
title = {Factors Limiting Industrial Adoption of Test Driven Development: A Systematic Review},
month = {March},
year = {2011},
booktitle = {International Conference on Software Testing, Verification and Validation},
url = {}