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Resource sharing among real-time components under multiprocessor clustered scheduling

Publication Type:

Journal article


Real-Time Systems






In this paper we propose a general synchronization protocol for resource sharing among independently-developed real-time applications (components) on multi-core platforms. This protocol is a generalization of a previously proposed synchronization protocol (MSOS). In our proposed protocol, each component is statically allocated on a dedicated subset of processors (called cluster). A component has its own internal scheduler by which its tasks are scheduled. In this paper we focus on multiprocessor global fixed-priority preemptive scheduling algorithms to be used to schedule the tasks inside each component. Sharing the local resources is handled by the Priority Inheritance Protocol (PIP). For sharing the global resources (inter-component resource sharing) we have studied usage of FIFO and Round-Robin queues for access the resources across the components and usage of FIFO and prioritized queues inside the components. We have derived schedulability analysis for the different queue handling alternatives and compared their performance by using experimental evaluations. Finally, we have shown that the integration phase can be formulated in the form of a nonlinear integer programming problem where solution techniques in this domain can be used to minimize the total number of processors required to guarantee the schedulability of all components. As a proof of concept we have only provided the formulation for FIFO queues.


author = {Farhang Nemati and Thomas Nolte},
title = {Resource sharing among real-time components under multiprocessor clustered scheduling},
volume = {49},
number = {5},
pages = {580--613},
month = {September},
year = {2013},
journal = {Real-Time Systems},
publisher = {Springer },
url = {}