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Per Processor Spin-Lock Protocols for Multiprocessor Real-Time Systems

Publication Type:

Journal article


Leibniz Transactions on Embedded Systems




This paper investigates preemptive spin-based global resource sharing protocols for resource-constrained real-time embedded multi-core systems based on partitioned fixed-priority preemptive scheduling. We present preemptive spin-based protocols that feature (i) an increased schedulability ratio of task sets and reduced response jitter of tasks compared to the classical non-preemptive spin-based protocol, (ii) similar memory requirements for the administration of waiting tasks as for the non-preemptive protocol whilst only causing (iii) a minimal increase of the minimal number of required stacks per core from one to at most two, and (iv) strong progress guarantees to tasks. We complement these protocols with a unified worst-case response time analysis that specializes to the classical analysis for the non-preemptive protocol. The paper includes a comparative evaluation of the preemptive protocols and the non-preemptive protocol based on synthetic data.


author = {Sara Afshar and Moris Behnam and Reinder J. Bril and Thomas Nolte},
title = {Per Processor Spin-Lock Protocols for Multiprocessor Real-Time Systems},
month = {November},
year = {2017},
journal = {Leibniz Transactions on Embedded Systems},
publisher = {LITES},
url = {}