You are required to read and agree to the below before accessing a full-text version of an article in the IDE article repository.

The full-text document you are about to access is subject to national and international copyright laws. In most cases (but not necessarily all) the consequence is that personal use is allowed given that the copyright owner is duly acknowledged and respected. All other use (typically) require an explicit permission (often in writing) by the copyright owner.

For the reports in this repository we specifically note that

  • the use of articles under IEEE copyright is governed by the IEEE copyright policy (available at
  • the use of articles under ACM copyright is governed by the ACM copyright policy (available at
  • technical reports and other articles issued by M‰lardalen University is free for personal use. For other use, the explicit consent of the authors is required
  • in other cases, please contact the copyright owner for detailed information

By accepting I agree to acknowledge and respect the rights of the copyright owner of the document I am about to access.

If you are in doubt, feel free to contact

Towards Reactive Robot Applications in Dynamic Environments



Publication Type:

Conference/Workshop Paper


The 24th IEEE Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation


Traditionally, industrial robots have been deployed in fairly static environments, to perform highly dedicated tasks. These robots perform with very high precision and throughput. However, nowadays there is an increasing demand for utilizing robots in more dynamic environments, also performing more flexible and less specialized operations — high mix/low volume. Both traditional industrial robots and force-limited robots are used in collaborative, dynamic environments. Such robot applications introduce new challenges when it comes to efficiency and robustness. In this paper, we propose an architecture for reactive multi-robot applications in the context of dynamic environments, and we analyze the main research challenges that must be tackled for its realization. A logistics use case, with robots picking customer orders from the shelves of a warehouse, is used as a running example to support the description of the key challenges.


author = {Anders Lager and Giacomo Spampinato and Alessandro Papadopoulos and Thomas Nolte},
title = {Towards Reactive Robot Applications in Dynamic Environments},
month = {September},
year = {2019},
booktitle = {The 24th IEEE Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation},
url = {}