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Challenges in the Automated Disassembly Process of Electric Vehicle Battery Packs



Publication Type:

Conference/Workshop Paper


28th International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation




The surge in the development and adoption of Electric Vehicles (EVs) globally is a trend many countries are paying close attention to. This inevitably means that a significant number of EV batteries will soon reach their End-of-Life (EoL). This looming issue reveals a notable challenge: there's currently a lack of sustainable strategies for managing Lithium-ion Batteries (LiBs) when they reach their EoL stage. The process of disassembling these battery packs is challenging due to their intricate design, involving several different materials and components integrated tightly for performance and safety. Consequently, effective disassembly and subsequent recycling procedures require highly specialized methods and equipment and involve significant safety and health risks. Moreover, existing recycling technologies often fail to recover all valuable and potentially hazardous materials, leading to both economic and environmental loss. This paper provides an overview and analysis of possible challenges arising in the domain of automated battery disassembly and recycling of EV batteries that reached their EoL. We provide insight into the disassembly process as well as optimization of the disassembly sequence with the goal of minimizing the overall cost and environmental footprint.


author = {Branko Miloradovic and Eduard Marti Bigorra and Thomas Nolte and Alessandro Papadopoulos},
title = {Challenges in the Automated Disassembly Process of Electric Vehicle Battery Packs},
pages = {1--4},
month = {September},
year = {2023},
booktitle = {28th International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation},
url = {}