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Hazard Analysis on a System of Systems using the Hazard Ontology


Publication Type:

Conference/Workshop Paper


18th Annual System Of Systems Engineering Conference




Today, well-established hazard analysis techniques are available and widely used to identify hazards for single systems in various industries. However, hazard analysis techniques for a System of Systems (SoS) are not properly investigated. SoS is a complex system where multiple systems work together to achieve a common goal. However, the interaction between systems may lead to unforeseen interactions and interdependencies between systems. This increases the difficulty of identifying and assessing system failures and potential safety hazards. In this paper, we explore whether Hazard Ontology (HO) can be applied to an SoS and whether it can identify emergent hazards, their causes, sources, and consequences. To conduct our exploration, we apply the HO to a quarry automation site (an SoS) from the construction equipment domain. The results indicate that the HO is a promising technique that facilitates the identification of emergent hazards and their components.


author = {Malina Adach and Nazakat Ali and Kaj H{\"a}nninen and Kristina Lundqvist},
title = {Hazard Analysis on a System of Systems using the Hazard Ontology},
month = {June},
year = {2023},
booktitle = {18th Annual System Of Systems Engineering Conference},
publisher = {IEEE},
url = {}