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Influence from breathing pattern on alcohol and tracer gas expirograms-Implications for alcolock use


In press

Research group:

Publication Type:

Journal article


Forensic Science International


Measurement of breath alcohol concentration is strongly influenced by timing and the breathing pattern. In particular, shallow expiration and hyperventilation leads to underestimation of the breath alcohol concentration. In the present study, expirograms of alcohol, water and carbon dioxide were recorded in 30 healthy individuals at various breathing manoeuvres (tidal volume, slow maximum and vital capacity expiration, breath holding, and hyperventilation). Estimation of the end expiratory alcohol concentration with the use of simultaneously measured carbon dioxide was shown to reverse the tendency of underestimation at shallow expiration and hyperventilation. These findings indicate that breath alcohol estimations can be performed at shorter expiration time and reduced expired volume compared to existing alcolocks. This is believed to improve their usability and to prevent a possible route for manipulation. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


@article{Kaisdotter Andersson (Jonsson)1949,
author = {Annika Kaisdotter Andersson (Jonsson) and Bertil H{\"o}k and Mikael Ekstr{\"o}m and G{\"o}ran Hedenstierna},
title = {Influence from breathing pattern on alcohol and tracer gas expirograms-Implications for alcolock use},
note = {In press},
month = {October},
year = {2010},
journal = {Forensic Science International},
url = {}