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Towards a System-of-Systems for Improved Road Construction Efficiency Using Lean and Industry 4.0



Jakob Axelsson, Joakim Fröberg , Peter Eriksson

Publication Type:

Conference/Workshop Paper


System of Systems Engineering Conference


Road construction is a very large business segment, consuming enormous public funding every year and with significant environmental impacts. However, the rate of efficiency improvement during the last few decades has been negligible, whereas other industries, such as manufacturing, have seen very large improvements by applying automation and Lean-based flow optimization across the production system. In this paper, we outline a system-of-systems concept for road construction which applies similar principles as have previously proved successful in other industries. The paper identifies efficiency attributes and wastes in current practices, which lead to a conceptual solution that focuses on improved coordination of working machines. Technical elements from Industry 4.0 are considered as potential building blocks in this concept, identifying similarities and differences between the construction domain and other industries. Finally, challenges are identified, in particular within knowledge representation and information management.


author = {Jakob Axelsson and Joakim Fr{\"o}berg and Peter Eriksson},
title = {Towards a System-of-Systems for Improved Road Construction Efficiency Using Lean and Industry 4.0},
month = {June},
year = {2018},
booktitle = {System of Systems Engineering Conference},
url = {}