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Systems-of-Systems and Digital Twins: A Survey and Analysis of the Current Knowledge



Thomas Olsson , Jakob Axelsson


A recording of the conference presentation is available at

Research group:

Publication Type:

Conference/Workshop Paper


18th Annual System Of Systems Engineering Conference




Understanding the needs and constraints of systems in general and a system-of-systems in particular can be challenging, yet crucial. Relying only on upfront activities will not be sufficient. Important information can be gathered around the performance and behavior of the system as well as stakeholder needs in operation. A digital twin is a way to model and understand the operation of a system. To understand the challenges and enablers related to digital twins in a system-ofsystems context, we performed a literature study. In total, only 10 papers were identified that explicitly address this topic, all from the last five years, indicating that this is an active field of research. The papers revealed that definitions and terminology are unclear and that similar challenges as for systems-of-systems also exist for systems-of-digital twins. The complexity and dynamic nature of systems-of-systems motivate further study of digital twins to understand needs and constraints. However, key challenges such as concepts and principles of digital twins for systems-of-systems, cost and benefits, and evolution needs to be better understood.


author = {Thomas Olsson and Jakob Axelsson},
title = {Systems-of-Systems and Digital Twins: A Survey and Analysis of the Current Knowledge},
note = {A recording of the conference presentation is available at{\_}fieqpqyo.},
month = {June},
year = {2023},
booktitle = {18th Annual System Of Systems Engineering Conference},
url = {}