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Experiences and Challenges from Developing Cyber-Physical Systems in Industry-Academia Collaboration



Johan Cederbladh, Romina Eramo , Vittoriano Muttillo , Per Erik Strandberg

Publication Type:

Journal article


Wiley, Software: Practice and Experience


Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs) are increasing in developmental complexity. Several emerging technologies, such as Model-based engineering, DevOps, and Artificial in- telligence, are expected to alleviate the associated complexity by introducing more advanced capabilities. The AIDOaRt research project investigates how the aforemen- tioned technologies can assist in developing complex CPSs in various industrial use cases. In this paper, we discuss the experiences of industry and academia collabo- rating to improve the development of complex CPSs through the experiences in the research project. In particular, the paper presents the results of two working groups that examined the challenges of developing complex CPSs from an industrial and academic perspective when considering the previously mentioned technologies. We present five identified challenge areas from developing complex CPSs and discuss them from the perspective of industry and academia: data, modeling, requirements engineering, continuous software and system engineering, as well as intelligence and automation. Furthermore, we highlight practical experience in collaboration from the project via two explicit use cases and connect them to the challenge areas. Finally, we discuss some lessons learned through the collaborations, which might foster fu- ture collaborative efforts.


author = {Johan Cederbladh and Romina Eramo and Vittoriano Muttillo and Per Erik Strandberg},
title = {Experiences and Challenges from Developing Cyber-Physical Systems in Industry-Academia Collaboration},
pages = {1--20},
month = {April},
year = {2024},
journal = {Wiley, Software: Practice and Experience},
url = {}