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A Comprehensive Exploration of Languages for Parallel Computing


Publication Type:

Journal article


ACM Computing Surveys




Software-intensive systems in most domains, from autonomous vehicles to health, are becoming predominantly parallel to efficiently manage large amount of data in short (even real-) time. There is an incredibly rich literature on languages for parallel computing, thus it is difficult for researchers and practitioners, even experienced in this very field, to get a grasp on them. With this work we provide a comprehensive, structured and detailed snapshot of documented research on those languages to identify trends, technical characteristics, open challenges and research directions. In this article we report on planning, execution and results of our systematic peer-reviewed as well as grey literature review, which aimed at providing such a snapshot by analysing 225 studies.


author = {Federico Ciccozzi and Lorenzo Addazi and Sara Abbaspour and Bj{\"o}rn Lisper and Abu Naser Masud and Saad Mubeen},
title = {A Comprehensive Exploration of Languages for Parallel Computing},
volume = {55},
number = {2},
pages = {1--39},
month = {January},
year = {2022},
journal = {ACM Computing Surveys},
url = {}