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Design for Deterministic Monitoring of Distributed Real-Time Systems



Publication Type:

Report - MRTC




In order to test, or debug, a system we must observe its run-time behavior and deem how well the observations comply with the system requirements. There are two significant differences between debugging and testing of software for desktop computers and embedded real-time systems: (1) It is more difficult to observe embedded computer systems, simply because they are embedded, and that they thus have very few interfaces to the outside world, and (2) the actual act of observing a real-time systems or distributed real-time system can change their behavior. Monitoring of sequential software is straightforward, but for distributed real-time systems it is more complicated, since race conditions with respect to order of access to shared resources occur naturally. Any intrusive observation, or probing, of the distributed real-time system affects the timing and consequently the outcome of the races. In this paper we present a method for deterministic observations of single tasking, multi-tasking, and distributed real-time systems. This includes a description of what to observe, how to eliminate the disturbances caused by the actual act of observing, how to correlate observations, and how to reproduce them.


author = {Henrik Thane},
title = {Design for Deterministic Monitoring of Distributed Real-Time Systems},
number = {ISSN 1404-3041 ISRN MDH-MRTC-23/2000-1-SE},
month = {May},
year = {2000},
url = {}